Thursday, 14 November 2019

"1985: Deadly Northern Lights" Official Box Art!

At last, the pieces of Warsaw Pact's Northern offensive are falling into place....
Here's the official box art! More to come in the next few days.

Friday, 26 July 2019

1985: Deadly Northern Lights - Map 1

The Soviet offensive against Scandinavian Peninsula is getting ready.....This is a first, low-res draft of 1985: Deadly Northern Lights Map 1.

A lot of things are still missing, but our glorious cartographers are working without pause! The whole theater of operations will be covered by 5 maps (3 95x56cm, 2 smaller maps).

War is hell. In this case, a frozen one.

Tuesday, 5 February 2019

"Less Than 60 Miles", countersheets

Here they are! A couple of complete countersheets, possible production version, in medium resolution. You'll find 6 of them in the box, with 5/8" counters.

More info on the Official Game Page. Also, you may reserve a copy by sending an email to or by reporting for duty on this BoardGameGeek thread.

Saturday, 12 January 2019

Tuesday, 1 January 2019

Less Than 60 Miles - Playtest Session 15

After Action Report for Less Than 60 Miles playtest session 15, playing "Steps of our Fathers" scenario. Once again, I'm in command of NATO forces.

Here's the scenario background:

As the old saying goes, “No plan survives the first contact with the enemy”. A few hours after the beginning of World War Three, it’s going to be clear that OPLAN 33001 – the operational directives for defending Frankfurt – will be no exception.

With Soviet 8th Guards Army keeping US V Corps busy on a broad front, Warsaw Pact’s main offensive is carried out by Soviet 1st Guards Tank Army and East German III Military District in Bundeswehr’s 5 PanzerDivision sector.

Orders for Soviet 1st Guards Tank Army are to attack resolutely toward Wetzlar and break the connections between US V Corps and WG III Corps, making any attempt to send reinforcements to NORTHAG problematic.

West German 5 PanzerDivision must quickly change its plans from a role of support to being the primary target of Warsaw Pact’s offensive in CENTAG area. US reinforcements are expected, but the Division will be alone in the first, critical hours.

For the second time in a Century, German soldiers are called to defend their homeland from the countless Soviet Hordes.

You may find more details on Less Than 60 Miles at the following links:

And now, down to business :)

D+0 0300 ZT - SITREP, July 24 1985

Only the Northern section of the map is used, down to Bad Hersfeld (Pictures are actually including a little more for sizing purpose). 

Warsaw Pact will throw the full might of 1st Guards Tank Army against West German 5th Panzer Division. US 3/3AD Armored Brigade should arrive from South in 6 - 9 hours, but in the meantime 5th Panzer Division will have to face three Soviet and two East German Divisions, supported by two Missile Brigade, two Attack Helicopter Regiments and one Air Assault Brigade. 

Victory locations for Warsaw Pact heavily suggest the main axis of advance for 1st GTA. 
NATO gets VPs  by inflicting Attrition to WP Combat Units, so my plan is quite simple: inflict as much losses as possible, as stopping a full-strength Soviet Army is probably out of question.

Initial Deployment and WP Victory Point Locations

D+0 0600 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Warsaw Pact immediately plays Action Card 01 - Air Strikes and proceeds to bomb NATO covering forces and WG 5Pz HQ, inflicting damage and decreasing targets' mobility.

WP also plays Action Card 04 - Rote Armee Fraktion: the attack is successful and a truck bomb destroys US V Corps HQ building, killing most of the top Commanding Officers. This will impose a considerable delay on NATO reaction time. 

To complete the bleak picture,  Soviet 35th Guards Air Assault Brigade takes control of all bridges on river Ohm, cutting out the fastest route for assembling 5 PanzerDivision units.
East German 4th Motorized Rifle and Soviet 11th Guards Tank Divisions, first echelon of 1st GTA, cross the Inner German Border at 0600ZT.

D+0 0600 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO must already handle several crisis. 14/5Pz Bde is tasked with forming a first defense line right behind the covering forces, while 13/5Pz Bde will retake at least one bridge from Soviet Paratroopers.

D+0 0900 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Warsaw Pact advances using Hasty Assault. WG covering forces inflict some losses and are able to disengage thanks to Close Air Support.

D+0 0900 ZT - NATO Phase

WG 13/5Pz Bde repeatedly attacks Soviet Airmobile Infantry Battalion defending Marburg. The Paratroopers try to hold ground against the first assaults. When they finally decide to disengage it's too late and their position is overran.The few survivors surrender to WG 134 Panzer Battalion.

D+0 1200 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

1st Guards Tank Army first echelon Divisions keeps advancing, with West German covering forces doing their best to slow them down without being decisively engaged. NATO air interdiction and support is decisive to this end, but still desperately scarce.

D+0 1200 ZT - NATO Phase

WG 13/5 Panzer Bde continues hammering Soviet Paratroopers. The price in time and attrition is starting to worry me, but NATO needs those roads cleaned up to keep the supply lines opened.

D+0 1500 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Covering forces weren't able to blow up key bridges on Fulda river, so several vital NATO aircraft must be used to destroy them with air strikes. Warsaw Pact finally succeeds into engaging West German retreating forces, forcing them to execute a couple of difficult disengagements.

D+0 1500 ZT - NATO Phase

US V Corps HQ destruction during the first hours of war is slowing down all the operations, particularly the preparation of an advanced FARP for 5th Panzer Attack Helicopters Battalion. Without them, the Division does not have sufficient fire support. 

More attacks against Soviet Paratroopers entrenched near Marburg, now nearing the breaking point...finally. Despite this, Soviet control of the bridges forces WG 15/5Pz Bde to take the Southern route along Autobahn 5 to get into position.

D+0 1800 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Soviet 11th Guards Tank Division succeeds in moving past covering forces and breaks free. Trying to avoid complete disaster, NATO air strikes interdict the bridges built by Soviet engineers over Fulda river, slowing down first echelon's advance.

West German covering forces are in real trouble as combat attrition is reaching the limit. 

D+0 1800 ZT - NATO Phase

Survivors of WG 154/15/5Pz Battalion are killed by a violent artillery bombardment, putting an end to their  vital covering action. Luckily, 14/5Pz Brigade is almost ready to take their place, even though there's no time to organize troops properly. I'll have to stay in Tactical Posture, as changing to Defense would require more troops screening the battalions during deployment.

WG 13/5Pz Brigade renews the assault against Paratroopers holding the bridge on Ohm river. One Soviet Battalion doesn't want to give up.

D+0 2100 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

NATO plays Action Card 01 - AWACS, giving a good advantage in AA fire against Pact's aircraft.

Engineers unavailability and NATO opposition slow down East German 4th Motorized Rifle Division crossing of Fulda river. As the unit already incurred in heavy losses and has too few self-propelled guns, Warsaw Pact is probably going to replace it with second-echelon EG 7th Panzer Division.

To the South, Soviet 11th Guards Tank Division change its advance axis to North-West, with Schwamlstadt as probable objective.

D+0 2100 ZT - NATO Phase

More NATO attacks against Soviet 35th Guards Airborne Assault Brigade. Damned Bolshevist fanatics. They have no more artillery ammo, half of their men are dead but they're still fighting.

The good news are that US 3rd Brigade, 3rd Armored Division finally arrived and took charge of the Alsfeld area defense. This should allow me to keep 13/5Pz Brigade as operational reserve, of course when it will finish the mop-up operations on river Ohm.

D+1 0000 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Warsaw Pact uses the first night hours for some rest / refit, particularly for artillery units which kept firing uninterruptedly for the last 18 hours. 

Soviet air strike against WG 14/5Pz Bde HQ, causing severe damage.

D+1 0000 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO plays Action Cards 01 - Wild Weasel and 06 - Air Strikes. This should lower WP Anti-Air effectiveness and allow me a couple of surgical air strikes.

The first air strike, against Soviet 11th Guards Tank Division HQ, is a success as the HQ is destroyed. This should slow down the whole enemy Division considerably. Second air strike targets Soviet 2/841 SP Artillery Battalion, inflicting some losses.

WG 13/5Pz Bde finally crushes the last resistance from Soviet paratroopers and gains control of the bridge.

D+1 0300 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Again, Warsaw Pact uses the night hours for resting / refitting several units. Moreover, East German 7th Panzer is brought forward to replace the tired 4th Motorized Rifle Division.

D+1 0300 ZT - NATO Phase

Last units of Soviet 35th Guards Air Assault Brigade are finally destroyed. 

D+1 0600 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Soviet 11th Guards Tank Division, having reconstructed its HQ, launches heavy attacks against WG 15/5Pz Bde. Also, 20th Guards Motorized Rifle Division moves forward, possibly to take its place as Army's spearhead. 

D+1 0600 ZT - NATO Phase

An air strike against Soviet 3/841G Rocket Artillery is successful, destroying the Battalion.

NATO retreats the whole front line 5 - 10 km to the West, hoping to gain enough time to better organize the defense.

D+1 0900 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Warsaw Pact fill the gap left by NATO retreating units, and brings 20th Guards MRD forward.

D+1 0900 ZT - NATO Phase

Further disengagement of NATO forces. I need some time to recover, too many combat units are reaching the breaking point. Unfortunately, a couple of units failed to disengage or are forced to hold their position to cover the retreat.

D+1 1200 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Warsaw Pact renews full-scale assaults against NATO front line, with fresh 20th Guards and 7th Panzer Divisions taking the lead role. Overall situation quite critical.

D+1 1200 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO must commit 13/5Pz Brigade, its only reserve formation, as both WG 15/5Pz Bde and US 3/3AD Bde are reaching the breaking point.

D+1 1500 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Warsaw Pact all-out assaults along the whole front line, with Soviet 20th Guards MRD breaking  through WG 15/5Pz Bde defenses. Fresh, second-echelon forces are proving too much to handle for NATO. 

D+1 1500 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO tries to districate its defense line, with mixed success. Anyway, I've not much space left to trade for time.

D+1 1800 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

More breakthroughs from Soviet 20th Guards MRD and EG 7th Panzer put WG 14/5Pz Bde in a very dangerous situation.

Let's Call It A Day

Final result: Warsaw Pact Marginal Victory, on the verge of Substantial Victory.

As NATO Commander, I've made several critical errors.

The worst error has been not giving the right priority to the preparation of FARP bases for West German Attack Helicopters, already delayed by the destruction of US V Corps HQ. Attack Helicopters were able to give support to 5th Panzer Division only starting from D+1, 0300 - definitely too late.

The second error is probably a consequence of the first: I overestimated the defense capabilities of West German brigades and tried to establish a defensive line too forward. With few artillery and no helicopter support, the line was quickly pushed back leaving me no time for deploying units in Defense mode. 

In the end, I've spent most of time trying to catch up emergency situations, and I was never able to organize a solid defense with a decent artillery and reserve units support.

Luckily, in my opinion Warsaw Pact made some errors too:

  • Soviet 35th Guards Air Assault Brigade landing zones were too far West. Instead, taking control of the West bank of river Fulda would have prevented NATO from establishing a decent defense line and probably allowed Warsaw Pact to advance almost unopposed to Homberg.
  • Probe attacks to engage the defender and open up the way for the main assault worked well, but increased Warsaw Pact losses considerably and gave NATO extra Victory Points.
Now, time to step out from the soap-box and move to the next playtest session for Scenario nr. 3 - Spearhead.

Saturday, 8 December 2018

Less Than 60 Miles - Playtest Session 13 (2)

Second part of the Less Than 60 Miles After Action Report, internal playtest session 13. 
You may find part one at this link and the official game page at this one.

As you maybe remember, I'm US V Corps Commander so no Bolsheviki mumbo-jumbo from me this time :)

Playtest is made on Vassal, using the production map and counters you'll find in the box. Several rules had minor adjustments during the session, so if you're really careful you could find a couple of strange readjustments here and there, but the overall flow of the events is consistent.

As for the first part, I'll keep a fast narrative and let the images do the rest. 
And now, we're going to raise the curtain and commence from......

D+1 0000 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Soviet Divisions press on the assault even during the first night hours, taking advantage of reduced long-range fire from defenders. (This is a discussed decision. Does night favors the side with shorter fire range or the side with better FLIR capabilities?).

Assaults from 1st Guards Tank Army are getting US 1/3AD Brigade more and more in trouble, with its 3 battalions accumulating losses and support artillery running short of ammo.

East German III Military District takes advantage of night time to reorganize and refit some worn-out units.

On the good news side, NATO detects the position of 57th Guards Division HQ and launches a combined Air / Artillery strike, inflicting serious losses.

D+1 0000 ZT - NATO Phase

US 8th Division planned to counterattack Warsaw Pact's Southern Flank starting at 1200, but the approaching collapse of US 1/3AD brigade forces me to attack as soon as possible, ready or not.

For starting, 3/8ID Brigade exploits an imprudent deployment of Soviet 39th Guards Division HQ, attacking by surprise and almost destroying it. This could disrupt the whole Division's operations in the next few hours and offer more chances for counterattacks.

D+1 0300 ZT - WP Phase

Warsaw Pact decides that a stop for Rest & Refit is needed and does not launch new attacks during the night. 

D+1 0300 ZT - NATO Phase

Thanks to the pause in fighting, NATO has several strike aircraft available and use them in combination with a Lance battalion to bombard and finally destroy the HQ of Soviet 39th Guards Division.

Taking advantage of the subsequent enemy disorganization,  1/8ID Brigade attacks a Soviet Motorized Rifle Regiment, inflicting heavy losses.
Assault From March, Warsaw Pact's most used Posture at the moment, is very good for mobility and offensive operation but quite vulnerable to counterattacks.

D+1 0600 ZT - WP Phase

At dawn, Warsaw Pact renews full-scale assault in the areas of its two main attack axis. 
The attacks fail to achieve a breakthrough, but the situation for 1/3AD remains critical as losses are mounting. 

2/3AD Brigade is getting into troubles too, as 1-48 Mech Infantry Battalion fails to disengage and is forced to stay in a very dangerous position.
Disengaging from a pressing enemy proves to be one of the most difficult operations, with several possible options and counter-options. Artillery barrage fire before disengaging, interdiction fire on attacking units to force them to lose contact, interdiction fire on defending unit to stop the disengagement attempt are some of them. 

D+1 0600 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO tries to reorganize its lines. West German 5 Panzer tries to link its right flank to US 1/3AD Brigade and prepares 15/5Pz Brigade for a local counterattack should the Americans succumb to Warsaw Pact pressure.

D+1 0900 ZT - WP Phase

Soviet attacks continue, achieving dangerous breakthroughs both in 1/3AD Brigade and 2/3AD Brigade sectors. 

D+1 0900 - NATO Phase

NATO cannot wait any longer to launch its counterattack, as US 3rd Armored Division sector could crumble at any moment unless Warsaw Pact pressure lessens. A breakthrough could be fatal as the only reserves available are a couple of US Battalions and one WG Jager Battalion.

US 3/8ID(+) Brigade launches a full-scale assault against 39th Guards MRD, with heavy artillery and attack helicopters support. First results are encouraging, with Soviet 172G Motorized Rifle Regiment taking heavy losses.

In the US 3AD sector, 3rd Brigade moves to contact the North flank of Soviet 27G MRD, reducing its freedom of manoeuvre. 

D+1 1200 - Warsaw Pact Phase

NATO plays "Air Surge", gaining additional Close Air Support. Newly assigned aircraft immediately proceed to strike a worn out Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion from 39G MRD, destroying it.

Warsaw Pact begins disengaging 39th Guards MRD, with East German 11 MRD probably getting ready to take its place. No major attacks.

D+1 1200 ZT - NATO Phase

US 3/8I(+) Brigade continues its counterattack, this time targeting East German 11 MRD and inflicting heavy losses to another Motorized Rifle Regiment.

D+1 1500 ZT - WP Phase

Having replenished its artillery ammunition stocks, Warsaw Pact resumes attacks along the whole front and succeeds in opening a gap between US 1/3AD Bde and WG 15/5Pz Bde. 

In the South, 39G MRD continue its disengagement attempt, but Soviets seem undecided about replacing it with 79th Guards Tank Division, until now kept behind as Operational Maneuver Group.

D+1 1500 ZT - NATO Phase

The dangerous gap between US 1/3A Bde and WG 15/5Pz Bde is filled by a WG Jager Battalion and 5 PanzerAufklaerungsBataillon (for the rest of the world, Armored Cavalry).

15/5Pz Brigade also launches a limited counterattack on 20G MRD North flank, to help decreasing pressure on the Americans.

US 3/8I(+) Brigade counterattack goes on, hitting East German 11 MRD and forcing another Motorized Rifle Regiment to disengage with heavy losses. 

Call it a Day

As noted at the beginning of this AAR, Warsaw Pact plan wasn't particularly smart and was tailored for offering NATO several counterattack opportunities. 

At this point, we decided to stop the session as this main point has been tested. Given the opportunity, NATO counterattacks at Brigade level can be very dangerous and inflict heavy losses on Warsaw Pact. A well executed counterattack at Division level could disrupt or even stop an entire WP Army.

WP wasn't too efficient in frontage definition and movement organization. 1st Guards Tank Army was definitely too packed, leaving little room for maneuver and creating horrible traffic jams when trying to relieve units on the FEBA.

On NATO side, the biggest error was engaging the two reserve brigades too early (2/8I and 3/3A), leaving no available maneuver units should something have gone wrong.

We're now beginning playtest for the first, introductory scenario, titled The Eleventh Hour. ;)

Tuesday, 20 November 2018

Less Than 60 Miles - Playtest Session 13 (1)

Some details on our internal playtest session 13 for Less Than 60 MilesFor a change, I'm US V Corps Commander in charge - Better Dead Than Red!

Playtest is made on Vassal, using the final production map and counters art you will find in the box. One of the main consequences of the previous playtest sessions has been the change of the time scale, now at three hours per turn.

In this AAR, I'll try to give some hints on several mechanisms of the "C3" system, keeping a fast narrative without excessive details.

More info on Less Than 60 Miles can be found on the official Thin Red Line Games site!

Scenario Overview

At 0600 Central European Time of July, 24 1985 Warsaw Pact forces cross the Inner German Border. Western intelligence and politician screwed up, and the order to move to battle positions is issued only 10 hours before the beginning of the attack.

Warsaw Pact attacking forces are composed by:
  • Soviet 1st Guards Tank Army
    9th Tank Division
    20th Guards Motorized Rifle Division
    11th Guards Tank Division
  • Soviet 8th Guards Army
    27th Guards Motorized Rifle Division
    39th Guards Motorized Rifle Division
    57th Guards Motorized Rifle Division
    79th Guards Tank Division
  • East German III Military District
    7th Panzer Division
    4th Motorized Rifle Division
    11th Motorized Rifle Division
Forces available to US V Corps are:
  • US 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment
  • US 3rd Armored Division
  • US 8th Infantry Division
  • West German 5th Panzer Division

Battle Plans

The main goal of this playtest session is to verify NATO's capabilities to counterattack effectively at Brigade level, if offered a decent chance. Consequently, Warsaw Pact battle plan is voluntarily quite different from a masterpiece of military art. 

1st GTA and 8th GA will advance along the main roads toward Frankfurt, leaving a convenient gap between them that could be used by NATO for a flank counterattack. East German Division will put pressure on NATO flanks and support the Soviet advance if needed.

As in any typical Soviet-era plan, everything goes as smooth as silk and the Glorious Armies of the Socialist People will control Frankfurt at D+3 (H+72)

NATO plan has three distinct phases:
  1. Establish a solid defense line, keeping at least one brigade for each division in reserve
  2. Slowly retreat along the two main WP advance axis
  3. As soon as losses and attrition force Warsaw Pact to commit its Operational Maneuver Groups, counterattack with reserve brigades.

D+0, 0600 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Warsaw Pact obtains some HUMINT on the exact location of West German's Attack Helicopter squadrons, and proceed to attack them with a combined air + SS-23 strike. WG 1/5 AH squadron is completely destroyed during the attack.

Warsaw Pact Divisions cross the Inner German Border, mostly using doctrinal deployment as follows: 
  • 1x Reconnaissance Battalion, in Recon Posture
  • 2x Tank / Motorized Rifle Regiments, in Assault From March Posture
  • Regiment Artillery Group, mostly Self-Propelled artillery, in Close Support Posture
  • 1x Tank / Motorized Rifle Regiment, in Assault From March Posture
  • Division Artillery Group, reinforced by Army / Front artillery assets, in Close Support Posture for SP Artillery and Tactical Posture for Towed Artillery.
Assault From March Posture gives WP divisions good mobility and attack strength, by sacrificing defense capabilities and Blocking capabilities (similar to ZOC).

NATO executes several Air Interdiction missions along WP axis of advance, while covering forces try their best to slow down the Communist mechanized columns.

D+0, 0600 ZT - NATO Phase

Biggest problem for NATO is the lack of time for getting US 3AD and WG 5Pz Divisions into position.

The only option is moving in Road Mode toward the FEBA, hoping that enemy air strikes will not obliterate the vulnerable columns in the process. Moreover, troops could be exposed to enemy ground attacks during final passage into Tactical / Defense Posture as covering forces could be heavily engaged and unable to protect the deployment areas.

For now, covering forces North of Fulda succeed in disengaging from the enemy and move to the next battle position.

D+0, 0900 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

NATO executes more interdiction missions, slowing down Soviet 1GTA progress.

A couple of Ground Strike Missions target WP Artillery battalions right behind the leading regiments, as their forward position and Close Support Posture give NATO good intelligence on their location. After incurring in some serious losses, Warsaw Pact Front Commander orders all the RAG battalions to stay at least 5 km behind the FEBA.

9th Tank Division quickly crosses the upper Fulda river using amphibious equipment, at the cost of some recon vehicles and T-80s lost during fording operations.

More South, three Soviet Divisions approach Fulda from different directions.

D+0, 0900 ZT - NATO Phase

Warsaw Pact interdicts roads used by 1/3AD and 3/3AD, slowing down their movement to the FEBA.

D+0, 1200 ZT - WP Phase

Thanks to 95th Tank Regiment established bridgehead across Fulda river, WP engineers can start setting up a Ribbon Bridge near Bad Hersfeld. At the same time, more Combat Engineers support WP troops crossing Fulda river at three different locations.

Attacks against NATO covering forces along the whole front are successful, forcing them to disengage or retreat West. 1/11ACR is practically encircled in the western outskirts of Fulda.

D+0, 1200 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO Brigades are now more or less in position, but helpless as most Battalions are still in Road Posture. Covering forces must hold in place and keep enemy away for six more hours, or the main defense line could be unable to withstand the initial impact.

US 3AD also starts setting up improved defense positions near Steinau.

D+0, 1500 ZT - WP Phase

Preliminary artillery bombardments pin in place most of NATO covering forces, followed shortly by furious assaults by WP advanced Divisions.

In the end, most of covering troops must retreat with heavy losses, and in a couple of areas Pact's Divisions are able to make contact with NATO main defense forces. Luckily, Soviet 27th Guards MRD paid the price for destroying 1/11 ACR and is now somewhat fatigued.

D+0, 1500 ZT - NATO Phase

Orders are frantically issued and executed by NATO brigades, but despite the urgency several US 8ID units will not be ready for combat before H2100. US 3AD and WG 5Pz are able to assume a mix of Defense and Tactical Postures, not optimal but maybe enough for stopping the first assaults.

The main problem is the absence of most attack helicopter squadrons, still busy setting up FARPs away from airfields with firing coordinates well known to Warsaw Pact. This delay is partially imputable to wrong orders issued to AH units during the first, chaotic hours of the conflict.

D+0, 1800 ZT - Warsaw Pact Phase

Remaining NATO covering forces are attacked repeatedly, with most of them finally succumbing to losses. 

In particular, 9th Tank Division is able to drive a wedge between US 3AD and WG 5Pz Divisions, putting US 2-36 Battalion in a dangerous position.

Detail of Soviet 1st Guards Tank Army + EG III Military District sector

D+0 1800 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO main defense line is finally almost in place, even though several weak spots still remain, particularly in US 8ID sector.

D+0, 2100 ZT - WP Phase

Successful Intelligence allows Warsaw Pact to pinpoint WG 14/5Pz HQ exact location, and in a matter of minutes a heavy bombardment by SS-21 and SS-23 missiles almost destroys it. This could have a heavy impact on WG brigade's combat capabilities in the next few hours, but luckily night is approaching.

Pact's forces begin assaulting the main NATO defense line, with immediate local successes in US 1/8ID sector.

Meanwhile, permanent Panel Bridges over Fulda river are completed, allowing Warsaw Pact to disassemble the previously used Ribbon Bridges and free combat engineers for other tasks.

D+0, 2100 ZT - NATO Phase

NATO is forced to move 3/3AD brigade near the FEBA, risking to have it engaged by Pact's forces. Hopefully, Soviet 8th Guards Army will continue to move along the East - West autobahn, ignoring it.

US 8ID should finally be fully deployed by D+1, H0000 ZT.

Now, two night game turns are approaching. We will see if Warsaw Pact Commander wants to press on, conceding no rest to NATO and his own troops. Part two of this AAR will follow!